What is Osseointegration?
The technique consists in the union between a bone and an artificial prosthesis with titanium components without the presence of connective tissue. Thanks to today’s technologies, osseointegrated prostheses are better and will be further enhanced in the future.
The osseointegration technique has been proposed as an alternative technique to traditional prosthetic methods and to microsurgical techniques of segment reconstruction following amputations and / or malformations.
This technology will help people who, for technical and / or physical reasons, cannot wear traditional prostheses, greatly improving their dignity and quality of life.
Many prostheses require a cup-shaped grip to be attached to the amputated limb, but the amputated limbs of some people are shorter than others and therefore they can not use the traditional connection. Osseointegration solves this problem by allowing a direct connection to the amputated limb bone.
The main problems related to the use of the traditional prosthesis are related to the area of contact with the skin and are intensified as the patient’s level of activity increases. An osteointegrated prosthesis avoids these problems and allows the amputee to use the prosthesis for a longer period during the day.
Who are the potential candidates?
This type of prosthesis is optimal for patients who have a particularly reduced residual limb, when it is difficult to connect a traditional prosthesis.
Improvements related to the amplitude of movements that an osseointegrated prosthesis provides compared to a prosthesis with potting have also been highlighted. This can be translated as greater ease and freedom in movements (such as walking for trans-femoral amputees).